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The Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) is a voluntary youth organisation sponsored by the Royal Australian Navy. Together with the Australian Air Force Cadets and Australian Army Cadets, it forms the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It hosts over 91 units

HistoryEdit

The organisation was founded in the early 1900s and officially recognised under the Naval Defence Act in 1910. Prior to 1973, the organisation was known as the Australian Sea Cadet Corps, and was jointly administered by the Royal Australian Navy and the Navy League of Australia. After 1973, the Navy assumed full responsibility for the Corps, which was renamed the Naval Reserve Cadets. The Australian Government review, 'Cadets The Future' recommended a final name change to Australian Navy Cadets in 2001.

From 1942 until his death in 1952 HM King George VI was the Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps. The Following is a list of names held by both the Naval League and Defence run/sponsored programs including the original 'Church of England - Boys Naval Brigade' from 1901 to 1911




  • Boys Naval Brigades (Victoria) 1901-1911 (Run in conjunction with the 'Church of England')
  • Australian Naval Cadet Corps ANCC 1907-1950 (Defence)
  • Navy League Sea Cadet Corps NLSCC (1920–1950) (Navy League)
  • RANR Cadets 1950-1973 (Defence)
  • Australian Sea Cadet Corps ASCC (1950–1972) (Navy League)
  • (1973- Navy League and Defence cadets merged into one unit, the NRC)
  • Naval Reserve Cadets NRC (1972-31 March 2001) (Defence)
  • Australian Navy Cadets ANC (1 April 2001 – Present) (Defence)



AimEdit

ANC training is nautical in nature and includes waterborne activities. Activities can include, but are not limited to, navigation, communications, first aid, drill, maritime history, firearms proficiency and adventurous training. The ANC also aims to achieve the following with its training program:

  • develop an interest in the Navy and its tradition;
  • encourage cadets to continue military or community service;
  • give cadets a foundation of military knowledge and discipline;
  • develop the qualities of leadership, self-discipline, self-reliance and initiative; and
  • provide training that may later assist in achieving competencies required during Navy induction training.

OrganisationEdit

There are 91 Training Ships (units) across Australia, with a total membership of over 400 staff and 2,200 cadets, including several that have been formed in High Schools. The ANC adheres to a rank structure similar to the Royal Australian Navy, with cadets having the opportunity to progress from the rank of Cadet Recruit to Cadet Midshipman. Each unit has a complement which lays out how many cadets the unit is allowed to carry and how many are allowed at each rank. Training camps and examinations are held for promotion in rank. The structure and organisation of the Australian Navy Cadets is based on that of the Royal Australian Navy however additionally features a large community involvement component.

ANC Units and FlotillasEdit

Units in the ANC that are fully recognised Training Ships (TS) are sometimes named after ships of the Royal Australian Navy or the location the unit is based. Units that are not fully recognised training ships are known as New Training Ships (NTS).


Name of unit Location of unit Unit named after Navy League of Australia,
Annual Cadet Efficiency Award Winners
TS Albatross Wollongong, NSW HMAS Albatross 2006, 2008
TS Armidale Armidale, NSW HMAS Armidale
TS Canberra Canberra, ACT HMAS Canberra
TS Condamine Mosman, NSW HMAS Condamine 1982
TS Culgoa South West Rocks, NSW HMAS Culgoa
TS Hawkesbury Pt Clare (Gosford), NSW HMAS Hawkesbury 1979, 1999
TS Jervis Bay HMAS Creswell, NSW HMAS Jervis Bay
TS Kanimbla Holsworthy Barracks, NSW HMAS Kanimbla
TS Lismore Ballina, NSW HMAS Lismore
TS Manoora Taree, NSW HMAS Manoora
TS Nepean Penrith, NSW HMAS Nepean
TS Rushcutter Port Macquarie, NSW HMAS Rushcutter
TS Shoalhaven HMAS Albatross, NSW HMAS Shoalhaven
TS Shropshire Grafton, NSW HMAS Shropshire
TS Sirius Kyeemagh, NSW HMS Sirius
TS Sydney Spectacle Island, NSW HMAS Sydney
TS Tobruk Newcastle, NSW HMAS Tobruk 1967
TS Vampire Tweed Heads, NSW HMAS Vampire
TS Vendetta Coffs Harbour, NSW HMAS Vendetta 1993
TS Carpentaria Thursday Island (Multi-User Depot), QLD HMAS Carpentaria
TS Coral Sea Townsville, QLD Coral Sea 1989
NTS Magnetic Island Magnetic Island, QLD Magnetic Island, QLD
TS Endeavour Cairns, QLD HMS Endeavour
NTS Cooktown Cooktown, QLD Cooktown, QLD
TS Pioneer Mackay, QLD HMAS Pioneer 2001
Whitsunday Division (TS Pioneer) Airlie Beach, QLD Whitsunday Islands, QLD
TS Bundaberg Port Bundaberg, QLD HMAS Bundaberg 1985, 1990, 2010
TS Centaur Maleny, QLD AHS Centaur
NTS Noosa Tewantin, QLD Shire of Noosa
TS Gayundah Brisbane, QLD HMAS Gayundah 1961
TS Ipswich Ipswich, QLD HMAS Ipswich
TS Koopa Sandstone Point (Bribie Island), QLD HMAS Koopa
TS Krait Harvey Bay, QLD MV Krait
TS Maryborough Maryborough, QLD HMAS Maryborough
TS Magnus East Brisbane (School Unit), QLD Saint Magnus 1960, 1969
TS Morten Bay Woody Point (Brisbane), QLD HMAS Moreton
TS Norfolk Wellington Point (Brisbane), QLD Norfolk (sloop) 1995
TS Diamantina Redland Bay (Brisbane), QLD HMAS Diamantina
TS Onslow Caloundra, QLD HMAS Onslow
NTS Gympie Gympie, QLD HMAS Gympie
TS Paluma Shorncliffe, QLD HMAS Paluma 1966
TS Rockhampton Rockhampton, QLD HMAS Rockhampton
TS Gladstone Gladstone, QLD Gladstone, QLD
TS Southport Southport (Gold Coast - School Unit), QLD Southport, QLD
TS Success Robina (Gold Coast - School Unit), QLD HMAS Success
TS Toowoomba Toowoomba, QLD HMAS Toowoomba
TS Tyalgum Main Beach (Gold Coast), QLD Tyalgum, NSW? 1996, 1997, 2002
TS Walrus Eagleby (Gold Coast), QLD S.S Walrus 2011
TS Darwin Darwin, NT HMAS Darwin
TS Melville Bay Gove, NT HMAS Melville
TS Adelaide Port Adelaide, SA HMAS Adelaide 1972
TS Noarlunga Noarlunga, SA Port Noarlunga, SA
TS Stuart Smithfield, SA HMAS Stuart
TS Augusta Pt Augusta, SA Port Augusta, SA
TS Whyalla Whyalla, SA HMAS Whyalla
TS Flinders Pt Flinders, SA HMAS Flinders 1964, 1986
TS Gambier Mt Gambier, SA Mount Gambier, SA 1970
TS Sturt Berri, SA Charles Sturt 1991
TS Argonaut St Helens (East Coast), TAS The Argonaut tin mine
TS Derwent Hobart, TAS HMAS Derwent 1965
TS Emu Burnie (Port of Devonport), TAS HMAS Emu
TS Hobart Hobart (Dedicated Band Unit), TAS HMAS Hobart
TS Leven Ulverstone (Port of Devonport/Burnie), TAS Leven River, Tasmania
TS Mersey Devonport (Port of Burnie), TAS Mersey River (Tasmania) 1998
TS Tamar Launceston, TAS Tamar River (Tasmania) 1983
TS York George Town (Port of Bell Bay/Beauty Point), TAS HMS York
TS Albury Bandiana, VIC Albury, NSW
TS Barwon Geelong, VIC HMAS Barwon 1959, 1980, 1981, 1987
TS Bendigo Bendigo, VIC HMAS Bendigo 2003
TS Henty Portland, VIC Edward Henty
TS Latrobe Newborough (Moe), VIC HMAS Latrobe
TS Melbourne Surrey Hills, VIC HMAS Melbourne 1968
TS Mildura Mildura, VIC HMAS Mildura
TS Tingira HMAS Cerberus, VIC HMAS Tingira
TS Voyager Williamstown, VIC HMAS Voyager 2007
TS Bataan Doveton, VIC HMAS Bataan
CIHS Norwood Ringwood, VIC Norwood, VIC
TS Anzac Rockingham, WA HMAS Anzac 1978, 2009
TS Broome Broome, WA HMAS Broome
TS Bunbury Bunbury, WA HMAS Bunbury
TS Canning Wilson (Perth Metro), WA Canning, WA 1984
TS Challenger Guildford (Perth Metro), WA HMS Challenger
TS Cockburn Munster (Perth Metro), WA Cockburn Sound, WA
TS Dampier Dampier, WA Dampier, WA
TS Gascoyne Carnarvon, WA HMAS Gascoyne
TS Kybra Esprance, WA HMAS Kybra
TS Mandurah Mandurah, WA Mandurah, WA
TS Marmion Hillarys Marina (Perth Metro), WA Marmion, WA 1992, 1994
TS Morrow Geraldton, WA CDRE JC Morrow
TS Perth East Fremantle, WA HMAS Perth 1971
TS Pilbara Port Hedland, WA Pilbara Region, WA
TS Vancouver Albany, WA George Vancouver 1988


Former units of the NLSCC/ASCC/NRC/ANC;

Name of unit Location of unit Unit named after Navy League of Australia'
Annual Cadet Efficiency Award Winners
Notes
TS Bedford Kwinana, WA Admiral Sir Frederick Bedford, GCB, GCVO, RN 1962 Renamed TS Anzac in 1975
TS Creswell East Fremantle, WA HMAS Creswell Renamed TS Perth in 1965
TS Australia Lavender Bay, NSW HMAS Australia (1911)
TS Warrego Woolwich, NSW HMAS Warrego (D70) 1963 Moved to Spectacle Island then eventually absorbed into TS Sydney
TS Perth Manly, NSW HMAS Perth (D29) Renamed TS Condamine in 1956
TS Beatty Woolongong, NSW Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO, RN Renamed TS Albatross
TS Cerberus Black Rock, VIC HMVS Cerberus Paid off 16 October 1952
TS Lightning Geelong, VIC Lightning (clipper)
TS Shropshire Canterbury, NSW HMAS Shropshire Closed and reopened in Grafton, NSW in 1982
TS Parramatta Rydalmere, NSW HMAS Parramatta (D55) Disbanded due to lack of cadets in 1995
TS Campbeltown Ingleburn, NSW HMS Campbeltown (I42) Disbanded due to lack of cadets in 1997
TS Avalon Geelong Grammar School, VIC Avalon Homestead Disbanded due to lack of staff




Navy League of Australia, Annual Cadet Efficiency Award results



In late 2009 early 2010 the decision was made to stop using Area Commands such as; South Queensland HQ, North Queensland HQ, New South WalesHQ etc. In the place Area Commands, Flotilla Commands would take over, each Flotilla would have on average 5 units in its command area and would report directly to the newly appointed 'Director of Flotillas'.



Name of Flotilla Flotilla named after State Located in Flotilla Commander
Brisbane Flotilla (BF) Brisbane Queensland LCDR Philip Broxham, ANC
Bass Flotilla (BF) George Bass Victoria LCDR Lisa Foley, ANC
Capricornia Flotilla (CF) Tropic of Capricorn Western Australia and Northern Territory LCDR Gill McKay, ANC
Daring Flotilla (DF) Daring class destroyer Queensland LCDR Joyce Kennedy, ANC
Defiance Flotilla (DF) HMS Defiance (Probable) New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory LCDR Jake Radloff, ANC
Flinders Flotilla (FF) Matthew Flinders Victoria LCDR Val Bookless, ANC
Gallipoli Flotilla (GF) Gallipoli Western Australia LCDR Peter Martin, ANC
Gold Coast Flotilla (GCF) Gold Coast Queensland LCDR Colin Edgar, ANC
Investigator Flotilla (IF) HMS Investigator New South Wales LCDR Bill Hancock, ANC
Kellatie Flotilla (KF) Kellatie, means "deep water" for the local Aboriginal inhabitants Tasmania CMDR Michael Mann, OAM, ANC
Leeuwin Flotilla (LF) HMAS Leeuwin Western Australia LCDR Mike Vasey, ANC
North Queensland Flotilla (NQF) North Queensland Queensland LCDR Paul Kelly, ANC
Reliance Flotilla (RF) HMS Reliance New South Wales LCDR Lois McKenny, ANC
Sunshine Coast Flotilla (SCF) Sunshine Coast Queensland LCDR Warren Blee, OAM, ANC
Torrens Flotilla (TF) HMAS Torrens South Australia LCDR Steve Plumb, ANC

ANC RanksEdit

Ranks of the Australian Navy Cadets are divided into Staff ranks and Cadets Ranks. Volunteers do not become staff until appointed by the ANC.

StaffEdit

  • Captain - CAPT, ANC
  • Commander - CMDR, ANC
  • Lieutenant Commander - CMDR, ANC
  • Lieutenant - LEUT, ANC
  • Sub Lieutenant - SBLT, ANC
  • Chief Petty Officer - CPOANC
  • Petty Officer - POANC

CadetsEdit

  • Midshipman - MIDN, ANC
  • Cadet Warrant Officer - CDTWO
  • Cadet Chief Petty Officer - CDTCPO
  • Cadet Petty Officer - CDTPO
  • Cadet Leading Seaman - CDTLS
  • Cadet Able Seaman - CDTAB
  • Cadet Seaman - CDTSMN
  • Cadet Recruit - CDTRCT

VolunteersEdit

  • United Supprt Volunteer - USV

Formal National Commanders and Directors GeneralEdit

The basic Naval Reserve Cadet (NRC) command structure prior to 2001 was as follows;


Director of Naval Reserves and Cadets (DNRC) was a RANR Officer in Canberra who had overall authority of the Naval Reserve Cadets. Each state had a Senior Officer Naval Reserve Cadets (SONRC) who answered to the LNA or Local Naval Authority usually the Commanding Officer (CO) of the establishment on which the NRCHQ of that state resided. A Cadet Liaison Officer (CLO), usually a RANR Officer, was situated in HMAS Cairns, HMAS Moreton, HMAS Watson, HMAS Lonsdale, HMAS Encounter, HMAS Huon and HMAS Leeuwin (all shore bases at the time). The CLO had responsiblity for the liasing between the NRC and RAN in their state. There was no national HQ or national staff until the ANC was established in 2001.


Rank Name Post-
Nominals
Service Branch Years as
National Commander (NCANC)
Director (DNRC)
Notes
Director NRC
Captain David Martin RAN 1973–1974 Later known as Rear Admiral Sir David Martin KCMG AO RAN - 34th Governor of New South Wales
Commander Allan Vidler NRC
Commander Christine Reinks NRC
National Commander ANC
Captain Gavin Reeves ANC 2000–2007 CAPT Reeves was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001 for services to the ANC, NRC and the Australian Sea Cadet Corps.
Commander John Goss AM RANR 2007–2008 (Acting)
Captain Eliot Fisher ESM ANC 2008–2011 Former member of TS Bunbury
Captain John Gill ANC 2011–Present


Prior to 2001 the ANC did not have the title or position 'Director General ANC', instead the overall Commander's position was called 'Director of Reserves Navy' which was a RAN - RANR position.


Rank Name Post-
Nominals
Service Brance Years as
Director General (DGANC)
Director of Reserves Navy (DRN)
Notes
Director General ANC
Commodore Karel de Laat RANR Later known as Rear Admiral Karel de Laat CSC RFD RANR
Commodore Michael Smith AM RANR
Commodore Geoff Geraghty AM RANR - Present

Uniforms and AwardsEdit

The uniforms of the Australian Navy Cadets are based on that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), with only a few differences such as the shoulder flashes of the ANC reading "AUSTRALIAN NAVY CADETS" as opposed to the RAN's "AUSTRALIA" flashes.


Award Staff Cadet Years Service Notes
Personal Readiness Badge All Ranks All Ranks completion of set qualification critea
personal readiness with 12 month renewal
Staff (Silver Badges with Gold Wheel)
Cadet (Silver Badge with Silver Wheel)
Long Service & Good Conduct Stripe POANC All Ranks (except WO & MIDN) Staff
(1 for every 4 years of Service)
(1 for 4 years service as a cadet)
(maximum of 3 stripes)
Cadet
(1 stripe for every year of service)
(maximun of 3 stripes)
5 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 5 years service
10 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 10 years service
Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal All Ranks N/A For 15 Years Long Service A bar is awarded for every five years thereafter.
National Commander ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Director General ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for extraordinary meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM) All Ranks N/A The medal recognises commendable achievement or commitment to duty in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people for example, Defence Force chaplains.
Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC) All Ranks N/A The cross recognises exceptional dedication to duty or outstanding achievement in skills or judgement in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people such as members of philanthropic organisations.

SpecialisationsEdit

When Cadets complete the Initial General Training Course (GT), they have the opportunity to go and do a specialisation course. Having a specialisation is not necessary to get promoted to Leading Seamen but having done at least one Annual Continuous Training (ACT) is. Cadets are allowed to have more than one specialisation or category but each cadet will have a primary specialisation. Specialist courses are run on ACTs (as well as GT) which usually happen twice a year. The awarding of categories mirrors that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) even though sailors in the RAN can only gain one rate at any one time.


The specialisations available in the Australian Navy Cadets are;


  • Musician (MUSN)
  • Marine Technician (MT)
  • Seamanship (SMNS)
  • Hydrographic Surveyor (HS)
  • Physical Training Instructor (PTI)
  • Naval Airman (NA)
  • Cook (CK)
  • Writer (WTR)
  • Stores (STR)
  • Communications/Signals (COM)
  • Ceremonial and Weapons Safety (CWS)


Former specialisations;

  • Cadet Safety Representative (CSR)


Cadets can also attend an advanced course on most of the above specialisations.